Laser fiber and flexible ureterorenoscopy: The safety distance concept

Michele Talso, Esteban Emiliani, Mattieu Haddad, Laurent Berthe, Mohammed Baghdadi, Emanuele Montanari, Olivier Traxer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Introduction: The costs of flexible ureterorenoscopes (fURSs) and their repair oblige the surgeon to know the proper handling of instruments. There is a lack of evidence in the literature about the safety distance that the laser fiber should have once out from the ureterorenoscope to avoid instrumental damages. Materials and Methods: We performed an in vitro observational study. Seven fURSs were tested. The distance from the laser fiber tip and the fURS camera was measured at the first appearance on the endoscopic screen and when the fiber was reaching one-fourth of the screen. Second, to evaluate the impact of the holmium laser bubble according to different fiber distances, an assessment of the size and shape of the bubble created at the tip of the fiber with the laser activated was done, recording the images with a high-speed camera. Results: The first appearance on the screen of the laser tip is different in different ureterorenoscopes. In all the ureterorenoscopes, we observed that when the laser fiber was at 14 of the screen, the bubble was never touching the fURS tip. Conclusion: Even if there is a big limitation of this study due to the impossibility to measure and to evaluate the damage of the fURS tip surface, we observed that when the laser fiber tip reaches 14 of the screen, the bubble generated by laser activation is never rebounding on the camera of the ureterorenoscope, preserving it from laser damages. We can define this position as the safety distance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1269-1274
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Endourology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016


  • cost
  • flexible ureterorenoscopy
  • holmium laser
  • laser fiber
  • safety
  • stone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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