Late-onset Huntington’s disease with 40–42 CAG expansion

Elisa Capiluppi, Luca Romano, Paola Rebora, Lorenzo Nanetti, Anna Castaldo, Cinzia Gellera, Caterina Mariotti, Antonella Macerollo, M. Giuliana Cislaghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Huntington’s disease (HD) is a rare autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by a CAG expansion greater than 35 in the IT-15 gene. There is an inverse correlation between the number of pathological CAG and the age of onset. However, CAG repeats between 40 and 42 showed a wider onset variation. We aimed to investigate potential clinical differences between patients with age at onset ≥ 60 years (late onset-HD) and patients with age at onset between 30 and 59 years (common-onset HD) in a cohort of patients with the same CAG expansions (40–42). Methods: A retrospective analysis of 66 HD patients with 40–41–42 CAG expansion was performed. Patients were investigated with the Unified Huntington’s Disease Rating Scale (subitems I–II–III and Total Functional Capacity, Functional Assessment and Stage of Disease). Data were analysed using χ2, Fisher’s test, t test and Pearson’s correlation coefficient. GENMOD analysis and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to study the disease progression. Results: The age of onset ranged from 39 to 59 years in the CO subgroup, whereas the LO subgroup showed an age of onset from 60 to 73 years. No family history was reported in 31% of the late-onset in comparison with 20% in common-onset HD (p = 0.04). No difference emerged in symptoms of onset, in clinical manifestations and in progression of disease between the two groups. Conclusion: There were no clinical differences between CO and LO subgroups with 40–42 CAG expansion. There is a need of further studies on environmental as well genetic variables modifying the age at onset.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-876
Number of pages8
JournalNeurological Sciences
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Age of onset
  • Epidemiology
  • Huntington’s disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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