PURPOSE: To analyze the surgical outcomes in terms of postoperative wound complications in a small case series of six patients treated with lateral cervical approach (LCA) for salvage total laryngectomy (STL) without prophylactic use of the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap (PMMF) or free flaps.
METHODS: Between September 2018 and August 2019, six patients with recurrent/residual squamous-cell carcinoma after (chemo)radiotherapy [(C)RT] underwent STL with minimally invasive LCA with the anterior myocutaneous flap (AMCF), sparing the prelaryngeal tissue. Clinical records were retrospectively reviewed.
RESULTS: Wound dehiscence and local complications were prevented in five cases. Pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) occurred in one case and the closure was achieved by medical dressing with spontaneous healing within 15 days. Oral intake of liquids started 2 weeks after surgery in the five patients without local complications, after 24 days in the patient with PCF.
CONCLUSION: STL through the LCA after [(C)RT] failure seems to be feasible and effective in terms of prevention of local complications as wound dehiscence and fistula. More large clinical series are needed to confirm whether the use of LCA reduced the rate of postoperative wound complications following STL without the prophylactic use of pedicled or free flaps.