LC-PUFA content in human milk: Is it always optimal?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The content of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) in human milk has been connected with infant growth and developmental indices. The LC-PUFA content of human milk usually reflects the dietary habits of mothers, so questions have been raised regarding the possibility of enriching maternal diet with LC-PUFAs during lactation (or even before) in order to improve infant outcome. Nevertheless, environmental and genetic factors have independent roles in affecting both maternal milk composition and infant development. Conclusion: Diet-related differences in the LC-PUFA composition of human milk are under active investigation for their possible contribution to infant development, but environment- and gene-related differences in both human milk composition and maternal diet should be considered in evaluating the adaptive mechanisms of infants and the effects of specific LC-PUFA dietary supplementations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1532-1534
Number of pages3
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005


  • Human milk
  • Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • Maternal diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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