Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) in an Apulian cohort of subjects

Angelica Bianco, Luigi Bisceglia, Paolo Trerotoli, Luciana Russo, Leonardo D'Agruma, Silvana Guerriero, Vittoria Petruzzella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally inherited disorder that causes severe loss of sight in young adults, and is typically associated to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. Heteroplasmy of primary LHON mutations, presence of 'ancillary' mtDNA mutations, and mtDNA copy number are probably correlated with the penetrance and the severity of the disease. In this study, we performed a mutational screening in an Apulian cohort of LHON patients and we found that 41 out of 54 subjects harbored the m.11778G>A mutation, and 13 harbored the m.3460G>A mutation. Whole mtDNA sequencing was performed in three affected subjects belonging to three unrelated m.11778G>A pedigrees to evaluate the putative synergistic role of additional mtDNA mutations in determining the phenotype. Our study suggests to include haplogroup T as a possible genetic background influencing LHON penetrance and to consider the increase of mtDNA copy number as a protective factor from vision loss regardless the hetero/homoplasmic status of LHON primary mutations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-177
Number of pages15
JournalActa Myologica
Volume36
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

Keywords

  • Heteroplasmy
  • Homoplasmy
  • LHON
  • Mitochondrial DNA mutation
  • MtDNA copy number

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Bianco, A., Bisceglia, L., Trerotoli, P., Russo, L., D'Agruma, L., Guerriero, S., & Petruzzella, V. (2017). Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) in an Apulian cohort of subjects. Acta Myologica, 36(3), 163-177.