Left atrial thrombus and spontaneous echo-contrast in nonanticoagulated mitral stenosis; A transesophageal echocardiographic study

C. Vigna, V. De Rito, G. M. Criconia, A. Russo, M. Testa, R. Fanelli, F. Loperfido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate if evidence at transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) of left atrial (LA) thrombus and LA spontaneous echo-contrast (LA SEC), which are potential precursors of embolization, can be predicted by clinical and TTE variables in nonanticoagulated mitral valve stenosis (MS). Design: Clinical (age, NYHA class, rhythm, previous embolization) and TTE variables were related to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) evidence of LA thrombus and/or LA SEC. Setting: Nonanticoagulated MS was the setting. Patients: Fifty-nine patients had MS, and they were not receiving anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy (24 in sinus rhythm and 35 in atrial fibrillation). Previous arterial embolization had occurred in 12 patients (20.3 percent). Measurements: The following TTE variables were analyzed: mitral orifice area (pressure half- time method), mitral gradient (Bernouilli's equation), LA end-systolic area, and mitral regurgitation (color Doppler grading). LA thrombus and LA SEC were analyzed by monoplane TEE. Results: LA thrombus was found by TEE in 12 patients (20.3 percent). Of these 12, 11 (91.6 percent) were in atrial fibrillation. LA SEC was found by TTE in 2 patients (3.5 percent) and by TEE in 40 (67.8 percent) (p2 (sensitivity: 72.5 percent; specificity: 89.5 percent), among patients with LA SEC no clinical or TTE variable accurately identified those with actual LA thrombus. Conclusions: TEE is not necessary in many patients with MS in order to recognize LA SEC. However, when actual LA thrombus detection is necessary for clinical decision making, TEE should be performed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)348-352
Number of pages5
JournalChest
Volume103
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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    Vigna, C., De Rito, V., Criconia, G. M., Russo, A., Testa, M., Fanelli, R., & Loperfido, F. (1993). Left atrial thrombus and spontaneous echo-contrast in nonanticoagulated mitral stenosis; A transesophageal echocardiographic study. Chest, 103(2), 348-352.