Left hemispheric breakdown of LTP-like cortico-cortical plasticity in schizophrenic patients

Michele Ribolsi, Giulia Lisi, Viviana Ponzo, Alberto Siracusano, Carlo Caltagirone, Cinzia Niolu, Giacomo Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective Altered cortical connectivity and plasticity seems to be asymmetrical between the hemispheres in patients with schizophrenia (SCZ). We evaluated long-term potentiation (LTP) in parietal-frontal circuits of both hemispheres using a cortico-cortical Paired Associative Stimulation (cc-PAS) protocol testing the rules of Hebbian-like spike timing dependent plasticity (SPTD). Methods 12 SCZ and 12 healthy subjects (HS) underwent a cc-PAS protocol to activate, by means of paired pulses of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), the short-latency connection between posterior parietal cortex (PPC) and primary motor cortex (M1) of both hemispheres. Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) were collected to assess the time course of the after effects of cc-PAS protocol measuring MEP amplitude as index of cortico-cortical associative plasticity. Results While HS showed a similar time course of LTP-like plasticity in the two hemispheres, SCZ revealed a weaker late-LTP-like plasticity in the left compared to the right hemisphere after cc-PAS protocol. Conclusions SCZ failed to show the typical long-lasting increase of M1 excitability observed after cc-PAS protocol in both hemispheres, with a greater reduction in the left one. Significance Our findings provide novel neurophysiological evidence for an asymmetric impairment of the left parietal-frontal network in SCZ patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2037-2042
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume128
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • Connectivity
  • Paired associative stimulation
  • Parietal cortex
  • Plasticity
  • Schizophrenia
  • Stimulation
  • Transcranial magnetic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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