Left stellectomy in the prevention of ventricular fibrillation caused by acute myocardial ischemia in conscious dogs with anterior myocardial infarction

P. J. Schwartz, H. L. Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The potential of left stellectomy in reducing the incidence of ventricular fibrillation associated with acute myocardial ischemia was investigated in a new animal model for sudden death. Thirty-two dogs had an anterior myocardial infarction produced by ligation of the left descending coronary artery. One week later they were randomly allocated to a control or to an experimental group that underwent left stellectomy. One month after ligation while the dogs were conscious, a balloon occluder previously positioned around the circumflex coronary artery was inflated and the ensuing coronary occlusion was maintained for 10 minutes. Ventricular fibrillation occurred in 11 of 17 (65%) control dogs, compared with five of 15 (33%) (p <0.05) in the experimental group. Among the survivors the incidence of arrhythmias was less in the experimental group compared with the control group. Infarct size (21 ± 2% vs 20 ± 2%), resting heart rate (143 beats/min vs 127 beats/min) and QT(c) (347 ± 11 msec vs 349 ± 13 msec) were similar between control and experimental groups. The dogs that died had a greater increase in heart rate at 1 minute postocclusion than survivors and also had significantly longer QT intervals. Our study indicates that left stellectomy exerts a major protective effect in reducing the incidence of ventricular fibrillation when conscious dogs with a previous anterior myocardial infarction undergo acute myocardial ischemia. This simple and safe surgical procedure may be considered for a clinical trial in subgroups of patients with ischemic heart disease at very high risk for sudden death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1256-1265
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation
Volume62
Issue number6 I
Publication statusPublished - 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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