Left-to-right systolic ventricular interaction in patients undergoing biventricular stimulation for dilated cardiomyopathy

Giuseppe Osculati, Gabriella Malfatto, Roberto Chianca, Giovanni B. Perego

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Left-toright systolic ventricular interaction (i.e., the phenomenon by which the left ventricle contributes to most of the flow and to two-thirds of the pressure generated by the right ventricle) originates from transmission of systolic forces between the ventricles through the interventricular septum and from the mechanical effect of the common muscle fibers encircling their free walls. As a consequence, any reduction of left ventricular free wall function translates in lower right ventricular pressure or function. We investigated whether systolic ventricular interaction could be evidenced in nine patients with dilated cardiomyopathy in whom a biventricular pacemaker was implanted. Changes in right and left ventricular pressures were measured with high-fidelity catheters, before and after periods of biventricular pacing from the right atrium with different stimulation intervals to the right and left ventricles, respectively. The steady-state changes of left and right ventricular systolic pressure obtained from any single pacing interval combination were considered.Wethen calculated, with a two-level mixed regression analysis of the entire data set, the relation between changes in left and right systolic pressures: the presence of a statistically significant slope was assumed as evidence of ventricular interaction. The slope of the regression replaced the crude pressure ratio as an estimate of the gain of the interaction; its value compared with values observed in experimental studies. Moreover, its dependence on septal elastance and on right ventricular volume was similar to that already demonstrated for ventricular interaction gain. In conclusion, the linear relationship we found between systolic pressure changes in the two ventricles of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy during biventricular pacing could be explained in terms of ventricular interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-423
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010


  • Left and right ventricular function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Medicine(all)


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