This report presents two fetuses with three rare congenital heart defects: congenital ventricular aneurysm, arcade mitral valve, and unicommissural aortic valve. Because interaction between the endocardium and the myocardium is essential for development of the myocardium and heart valves, the authors hypothesized that these three defects could be related to abnormal signaling between the endocardium and the myocardium during critical phases of cardiac development. This combination of defects might be incompatible with fetal survival to term.
- Aortic valve stenosis
- Arcade-type mitral valve
- Congenital heart disease
- Ventricular aneurysm
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health