Background: In our study, we investigated the impact of papillary muscle systolic dyssynchrony (DYS-PAP) obtained by 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) in the prediction of recurrent ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) after restrictive annuloplasty. Methods: The study population consisted of 524 consecutive patients who survived coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and restrictive annuloplasty, performed between 2001 and 2010 at 3 different Institutions and who met inclusion criteria. The assessment of DYS-PAP was performed preoperatively and at follow-up (median 45.3 months [IQR 26-67]) by 2D-STE in the apical four-chamber view for the anterolateral papillary muscle (ALPM) and apical long-axis view for the posteromedial papillary muscle (PMPM). Results: Recurrence of MR (≥ 2 + in patients with no/trivial MR at discharge) was found in 112 patients (21.3%) at follow-up. Compared to patients without recurrence of MR, these patients had higher DYS-PAP values at baseline (60.6 ± 4.4 ms vs. 47.2 ± 2.9 ms, p <0.001) which significantly worsened at follow-up (74.4 ± 5.2 ms, p = 0.002 vs. baseline). In contrast, in patients with no MR recurrence, DYS-PAP was significantly reduced (25.3 ± 4.4 ms, p = 0.002 vs. baseline). At logistic regression analysis DYS-PAP (odds ratio [OR]: 4.8, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 3.4-8.2, p <0.001), was the strongest predictor of recurrent MR with a cutoff ≥ 58 ms (95%CI 51-66 ms). The model showed an area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.97 (CI 0.94-0.99 [optimism-corrected 0.94; CI 0.89-0.95]) with 98% sensitivity (CI 96-100% [optimism-corrected 95%; CI 91-96%]) and 90% specificity (CI 85-94% [optimism-corrected 87%; CI 82-90%]). Conclusions: DYS-PAP represents a reliable tool to identify patients with ischemic MR who can benefit from restrictive annuloplasty.
- Mitral valve
- Myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine