Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a well established cardiovascular risk factor, accounting for an increase in cardiovascular morbid-mortality, although how much the magnitude and the kind of LVH could affect cardiovascular outcomes is in large part unknown. We speculate that mild LVH in absence of left ventricular (LV) chamber dilation, could play a protective role towards functional capacity, clinical outcome, cardiovascular and total morbi-mortality in conditions in which LV systolic function is generally reduced. Accordingly to many epidemiological observations, the availability of extra-quote of systolic function could lead to a significative improvement in the final outcome of some kinds of heart patients, as those undergoing bypass-grafting, where the stress for heart and cardiovascular system is always high. We suppose that the functional reserve available for patients with LVH could make the difference with respect to other patients undergoing myocardial revascularization. Similarly, the availability of a contractile reserve warranted by LVH could ensure a little gain in the outcome for patients after other major cardiovascular events (such as myocardial infarction or other heart surgery as surgical valve replacement). However, our hypothesis only involves mild LVH without LV chamber dilation, that is the initial stage of "non-dilated concentric" LVH and "non-dilated eccentric" LVH according to the new four-tiered classification of LVH based on relative wall thickness and LV dilation. Support for our hypothesis derives from the well-known protective role of systolic function that is a major factor in almost all cardiovascular diseases, where LV ejection fraction (LVEF) has shown to significantly improve quality of life, as well as morbidity and mortality. The knowledge that mild LVH in absence of LV chamber dilation is not as harmful in such conditions as believed at present could make avoidable some drugs prescription in some stages of the disease. Furthermore, it may allow a better evaluation of the risk profile of patients with LVH undergoing some cardiovascular major events like bypass grafting, myocardial infarction or surgical heart valve replacement.