Left ventricular longitudinal strain in soccer referees

Luigi Gianturco, Bruno Bodini, Vincenzo Gianturco, Giuseppina Lippo, Agnese Solbiati, Maurizio Turiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Along the years, the analysis of soccer referees perfomance has interested the experts and we can find several types of studies in literature using in particular cardiac imaging. The aim of this retrospective study was to observe relationship between VO2max uptake and some conventional and not-conventional echocardiographic parameters. In order to perform this evaluation, we have enrolled 20 referees, belonging to Italian Soccer Referees' Association and we have investigated cardiovascular profile of them. We found a strong direct relationship between VO2max and global longitudinal strain of left ventricle assessed by means of speckle tracking echocardiographic analysis (R2=0.8464). The most common classic echocardiographic indexes have showed mild relations (respectively, VO2max vs EF: R2=0.4444; VO2max vs LV indexed mass: R2=0.2268). Therefore, our study suggests that longitudinal strain could be proposed as a specific echocardiographic parameter to evaluate the soccer referees performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39766-39773
Number of pages8
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017


  • LV mechanics
  • Myocardial function
  • Soccer refereeing
  • Speckle tracking echocardiography
  • VO2max

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology


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