The presence of myocardial noncompaction (NC), regardless of the criterion used, does not identify cardiomyopathy per se. The distinction between a morphological variant and the presence of an NC cardiomyopathy is challenging. However, thanks to larger cohorts of patients and longer periods of follow-up, better clinical characterization and prognostic evaluation are becoming available. Indeed, the physician is required to integrate the evidence of NC with the clinical history of the patient, which is supplemented by necessary advanced instrumental investigations before a definite diagnosis of NC cardiomyopathy can be made. Therefore, we extensively revised the current literature in order to help the clinicians to identify clinical features which are pivotal supporting diagnostic element for the correct recognition of Left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy and thus highlighting the difference between a form of cardiomyopathy and a mere intraventricular hypertrabeculation.
- Cardiac magnetic resonance
- Late gadolinium enhancement
- Left ventricular noncompaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine