Background: Long-term durability of combined coronary artery bypass grafting and of undersized mitral ring annuloplasty (UMRA) is uncertain. A considerable number of patients show recurrent regurgitation. This study examines the difference in the benefit of UMRA on clinical end points and recurrence of mitral regurgitation between responders and nonresponders of left ventricular reverse remodeling. Methods: Study eligibility criteria were fulfilled by 204 patients with chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation (CIMR) who survived combined coronary artery bypass grafting and reductive annuloplasty between September 2001 and September 2006. Patients underwent echocardiography preoperatively, at discharge, and at follow-up appointments (100% complete). Median early follow-up was 6 months (interquartile range [IRQ], 3 to 8 months; late follow-up, 35 months (IRQ, 21 to 50 months). Reverse remodeling was considered a reduction in left ventricular end systolic volume index exceeding 15%. Results: There were 84 responders (41.2%) of reverse remodeling (age, 68 ± 7.4 years; 51 men) and 120 nonresponders (58.8%; age, 67 ± 7.6 years; 78 men). Nonresponders had a higher recurrence of mitral regurgitation (p <0.001), higher reoperation rate for failed repair (p <0.001), and significantly larger left ventricular volumes and dimension at any study point (p <0.001), with significant late increase of sphericity indexes exceeding preoperative values (p <0.001). At multivariable analysis, a baseline myocardial performance index of less than 0.90 (p <0.001), a systolic sphericity index of less than 0.72 (p <0.001), and wall motion score index of less than 1.59 (p = 0.003) were independent predictors of reverse remodeling. Conclusions: Our experience suggests that more information on possible echo predictors of an inadequate result may improve preoperative decision making of CIMR patients for UMRA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine