LEIPAD, an internationally applicable instrument to assess quality of life in the elderly

Diego De Leo, René F W Diekstra, Jouko Lonnqvist, Marco Trabucchi, Marc H P D Cleiren, Giovanni B. Frisoni, Marirosa Dello Buono, Aro Haltunen, Mauro Zucchetto, Renzo Rozzini, Francesco Grigoletto, José Sampaio-Faria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A questionnaire to assess quality of life in the elderly was developed under the auspices of the European office of the World Health Organization. Stages in construction of the instrument, which was designed for international application, particularly at the primary level, are described. The latest version of the questionnaire is composed of 49 self-assessment items, 31 of which can be grouped into 7 subscales: Physical Function, Self-Care, Depression and Anxiety, Cognitive Functioning, Sexual Functioning, and Life Satisfaction. The remaining 18 items serve as moderators for assessing the influence of social desirability factors and personality characteristics on the individual scores for the 7 core instrument subscales. The questionnaire has been administered to 586 individuals aged 65 years and over recruited in communities in Italy (Padua and Brescia), the Netherlands (Leiden), and Finland (Helsinki). The main psychometric characteristics of the instrument, together with its concurrent validity with the Rotterdam Questionnaire, are illustrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-27
Number of pages11
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • Aging
  • Assessment
  • Elderly
  • Primary healthcare
  • Quality of life
  • Rotterdam Questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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