Leisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function: The prospective ECRHS study

Elaine Fuertes, Anne Elie Carsin, Josep M. Antó, Roberto Bono, Angelo Guido Corsico, Pascal Demoly, Thorarinn Gislason, José Antonio Gullón, Christer Janson, Deborah Jarvis, Joachim Heinrich, Mathias Holm, Bénédicte Leynaert, Alessandro Marcon, Jesús Martinez-Moratalla, Dennis Nowak, Silvia Pascual Erquicia, Nicole M. Probst-Hensch, Chantal Raherison, Wasif RazaFrancisco Gómez Real, Melissa Russell, José Luis Sánchez-Ramos, Joost Weyler, Judith Garcia Aymerich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective We assessed associations between physical activity and lung function, and its decline, in the prospective population-based European Community Respiratory Health Survey cohort. Methods FEV 1 and FVC were measured in 3912 participants at 27-57 years and 39-67 years (mean time between examinations=11.1 years). Physical activity frequency and duration were assessed using questionnaires and used to identify active individuals (physical activity ≥2 times and ≥1 hour per week) at each examination. Adjusted mixed linear regression models assessed associations of regular physical activity with FEV 1 and FVC. Results Physical activity frequency and duration increased over the study period. In adjusted models, active individuals at the first examination had higher FEV 1 (43.6 mL (95% CI 12.0 to 75.1)) and FVC (53.9 mL (95% CI 17.8 to 89.9)) at both examinations than their non-active counterparts. These associations appeared restricted to current smokers. In the whole population, FEV 1 and FVC were higher among those who changed from inactive to active during the follow-up (38.0 mL (95% CI 15.8 to 60.3) and 54.2 mL (95% CI 25.1 to 83.3), respectively) and who were consistently active, compared with those consistently non-active. No associations were found for lung function decline. Conclusion Leisure-time vigorous physical activity was associated with higher FEV 1 and FVC over a 10-year period among current smokers, but not with FEV 1 and FVC decline.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-384
Number of pages9
JournalThorax
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

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Leisure Activities
Linear Models
Prospective Studies
Lung
European Union
Health Surveys
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • adults
  • cohort
  • forced expiratory volume in one second
  • forced vital capacity
  • physical activity
  • smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Leisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function : The prospective ECRHS study. / Fuertes, Elaine; Carsin, Anne Elie; Antó, Josep M.; Bono, Roberto; Corsico, Angelo Guido; Demoly, Pascal; Gislason, Thorarinn; Gullón, José Antonio; Janson, Christer; Jarvis, Deborah; Heinrich, Joachim; Holm, Mathias; Leynaert, Bénédicte; Marcon, Alessandro; Martinez-Moratalla, Jesús; Nowak, Dennis; Pascual Erquicia, Silvia; Probst-Hensch, Nicole M.; Raherison, Chantal; Raza, Wasif; Gómez Real, Francisco; Russell, Melissa; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Weyler, Joost; Garcia Aymerich, Judith.

In: Thorax, Vol. 73, No. 4, 01.04.2018, p. 376-384.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fuertes, E, Carsin, AE, Antó, JM, Bono, R, Corsico, AG, Demoly, P, Gislason, T, Gullón, JA, Janson, C, Jarvis, D, Heinrich, J, Holm, M, Leynaert, B, Marcon, A, Martinez-Moratalla, J, Nowak, D, Pascual Erquicia, S, Probst-Hensch, NM, Raherison, C, Raza, W, Gómez Real, F, Russell, M, Sánchez-Ramos, JL, Weyler, J & Garcia Aymerich, J 2018, 'Leisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function: The prospective ECRHS study', Thorax, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 376-384. https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2017-210947
Fuertes, Elaine ; Carsin, Anne Elie ; Antó, Josep M. ; Bono, Roberto ; Corsico, Angelo Guido ; Demoly, Pascal ; Gislason, Thorarinn ; Gullón, José Antonio ; Janson, Christer ; Jarvis, Deborah ; Heinrich, Joachim ; Holm, Mathias ; Leynaert, Bénédicte ; Marcon, Alessandro ; Martinez-Moratalla, Jesús ; Nowak, Dennis ; Pascual Erquicia, Silvia ; Probst-Hensch, Nicole M. ; Raherison, Chantal ; Raza, Wasif ; Gómez Real, Francisco ; Russell, Melissa ; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis ; Weyler, Joost ; Garcia Aymerich, Judith. / Leisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function : The prospective ECRHS study. In: Thorax. 2018 ; Vol. 73, No. 4. pp. 376-384.
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abstract = "Objective We assessed associations between physical activity and lung function, and its decline, in the prospective population-based European Community Respiratory Health Survey cohort. Methods FEV 1 and FVC were measured in 3912 participants at 27-57 years and 39-67 years (mean time between examinations=11.1 years). Physical activity frequency and duration were assessed using questionnaires and used to identify active individuals (physical activity ≥2 times and ≥1 hour per week) at each examination. Adjusted mixed linear regression models assessed associations of regular physical activity with FEV 1 and FVC. Results Physical activity frequency and duration increased over the study period. In adjusted models, active individuals at the first examination had higher FEV 1 (43.6 mL (95{\%} CI 12.0 to 75.1)) and FVC (53.9 mL (95{\%} CI 17.8 to 89.9)) at both examinations than their non-active counterparts. These associations appeared restricted to current smokers. In the whole population, FEV 1 and FVC were higher among those who changed from inactive to active during the follow-up (38.0 mL (95{\%} CI 15.8 to 60.3) and 54.2 mL (95{\%} CI 25.1 to 83.3), respectively) and who were consistently active, compared with those consistently non-active. No associations were found for lung function decline. Conclusion Leisure-time vigorous physical activity was associated with higher FEV 1 and FVC over a 10-year period among current smokers, but not with FEV 1 and FVC decline.",
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T1 - Leisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function

T2 - The prospective ECRHS study

AU - Fuertes, Elaine

AU - Carsin, Anne Elie

AU - Antó, Josep M.

AU - Bono, Roberto

AU - Corsico, Angelo Guido

AU - Demoly, Pascal

AU - Gislason, Thorarinn

AU - Gullón, José Antonio

AU - Janson, Christer

AU - Jarvis, Deborah

AU - Heinrich, Joachim

AU - Holm, Mathias

AU - Leynaert, Bénédicte

AU - Marcon, Alessandro

AU - Martinez-Moratalla, Jesús

AU - Nowak, Dennis

AU - Pascual Erquicia, Silvia

AU - Probst-Hensch, Nicole M.

AU - Raherison, Chantal

AU - Raza, Wasif

AU - Gómez Real, Francisco

AU - Russell, Melissa

AU - Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis

AU - Weyler, Joost

AU - Garcia Aymerich, Judith

PY - 2018/4/1

Y1 - 2018/4/1

N2 - Objective We assessed associations between physical activity and lung function, and its decline, in the prospective population-based European Community Respiratory Health Survey cohort. Methods FEV 1 and FVC were measured in 3912 participants at 27-57 years and 39-67 years (mean time between examinations=11.1 years). Physical activity frequency and duration were assessed using questionnaires and used to identify active individuals (physical activity ≥2 times and ≥1 hour per week) at each examination. Adjusted mixed linear regression models assessed associations of regular physical activity with FEV 1 and FVC. Results Physical activity frequency and duration increased over the study period. In adjusted models, active individuals at the first examination had higher FEV 1 (43.6 mL (95% CI 12.0 to 75.1)) and FVC (53.9 mL (95% CI 17.8 to 89.9)) at both examinations than their non-active counterparts. These associations appeared restricted to current smokers. In the whole population, FEV 1 and FVC were higher among those who changed from inactive to active during the follow-up (38.0 mL (95% CI 15.8 to 60.3) and 54.2 mL (95% CI 25.1 to 83.3), respectively) and who were consistently active, compared with those consistently non-active. No associations were found for lung function decline. Conclusion Leisure-time vigorous physical activity was associated with higher FEV 1 and FVC over a 10-year period among current smokers, but not with FEV 1 and FVC decline.

AB - Objective We assessed associations between physical activity and lung function, and its decline, in the prospective population-based European Community Respiratory Health Survey cohort. Methods FEV 1 and FVC were measured in 3912 participants at 27-57 years and 39-67 years (mean time between examinations=11.1 years). Physical activity frequency and duration were assessed using questionnaires and used to identify active individuals (physical activity ≥2 times and ≥1 hour per week) at each examination. Adjusted mixed linear regression models assessed associations of regular physical activity with FEV 1 and FVC. Results Physical activity frequency and duration increased over the study period. In adjusted models, active individuals at the first examination had higher FEV 1 (43.6 mL (95% CI 12.0 to 75.1)) and FVC (53.9 mL (95% CI 17.8 to 89.9)) at both examinations than their non-active counterparts. These associations appeared restricted to current smokers. In the whole population, FEV 1 and FVC were higher among those who changed from inactive to active during the follow-up (38.0 mL (95% CI 15.8 to 60.3) and 54.2 mL (95% CI 25.1 to 83.3), respectively) and who were consistently active, compared with those consistently non-active. No associations were found for lung function decline. Conclusion Leisure-time vigorous physical activity was associated with higher FEV 1 and FVC over a 10-year period among current smokers, but not with FEV 1 and FVC decline.

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KW - cohort

KW - forced expiratory volume in one second

KW - forced vital capacity

KW - physical activity

KW - smoking

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