Lenalidomide-based induction and maintenance in elderly newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients: updated results of the EMN01 randomized trial.

Sara Bringhen, Mattia D'Agostino, Laura Paris, Stelvio Ballanti, Norbert Pescosta, Stefano Spada, Sara Pezzatti, Mariella Grasso, Delia Rota-Scalabrini, Luca De Rosa, Vincenzo Pavone, Giulia Gazzera, Sara Aquino, Marco Poggiu, Armando Santoro, Massimo Gentile, Luca Baldini, Maria Teresa Petrucci, Patrizia Tosi, Roberto MarascaClaudia Cellini, Antonio Palumbo, Patrizia Falco, Roman Hájek, Mario Boccadoro, Alessandra Larocca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


n the EMN01 trial, the addition of an alkylator (melphalan or cyclophosphamide) to lenalidomide-steroid induction therapy was prospectively evaluated in transplant-ineligible patients with multiple myeloma. After induction, patients were randomly assigned to maintenance treatment with lenalidomide alone or with prednisone continuously. The analysis presented here (median follow-up of 71 months) is focused on maintenance treatment and on subgroup analyses defined according to the International Myeloma Working Group Frailty Score. Of the 654 evaluable patients, 217 were in the lenalidomide-dexamethasone arm, 217 in the melphalan-prednisone-lenalidomide arm and 220 in the cyclophosphamide-prednisone-lenalidomide arm. With regards to the Frailty Score, 284 (43%) patients were fit, 205 (31%) were intermediate-fit and 165 (25%) were frail. After induction, 402 patients were eligible for maintenance therapy (lenalidomide arm, n=204; lenalidomide-prednisone arm, n=198). After a median duration of maintenance of 22.0 months, progression-free survival from the start of maintenance was 22.2 months with lenalidomide-prednisone 18.6 months with lenalidomide (hazard ratio 0.85, =0.14), with no differences across frailty subgroups. The most frequent grade ≥3 toxicity was neutropenia (10% of lenalidomide-prednisone and 21% of lenalidomide patients; =0.001). Grade ≥3 non-hematologic adverse events were rare (
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1937-1947
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2020

Cite this