Lentiviral vectors and cardiovascular diseases: A genetic tool for manipulating cardiomyocyte differentiation and function

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Abstract

Engineered recombinant viral vectors are a powerful tool for vehiculating genetic information into mammalian cells. Because of their ability to infect both dividing and non-dividing cells with high efficiency, lentiviral vectors have gained particular interest for basic research and preclinical studies in the cardiovascular field. We review here the major applications for lentiviral-vector technology in the cardiovascular field: we will discuss their use in trailing gene expression during the induction of differentiation, in protocols for the isolation of cardiac cells and in the tracking of cardiac cells after transplantation in vivo; we will also describe lentivirally-mediated gene delivery uses, such as the induction of a phenotype of interest in a target cell or the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In addition, a section of the review will be dedicated to reprogramming approaches, focusing attention on the generation of pluripotent stem cells and on transdifferentiation, two emerging strategies for the production of cardiac myocytes from human cells and for the investigation of human diseases. Finally, in order to give a perspective on their future clinical use we will critically discuss advantages and disadvantages of lentivirus-based strategies for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)642-648
Number of pages7
JournalGene Therapy
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • cardiomyocytes
  • cell tracking
  • heart
  • iPS cells
  • lentiviral vectors
  • reprogramming strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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