Leopard-like retinopathy and severe early-onset portal hypertension expand the phenotype of KARS1-related syndrome: a case report: BMC Medical Genomics

F. Peluso, V. Palazzo, G. Indolfi, F. Mari, R. Pasqualetti, E. Procopio, C. Nesti, R. Guerrini, F. Santorelli, S. Giglio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Mutations in lysyl-tRNA synthetase (KARS1), an enzyme that charges tRNA with the amino acid lysine in both the cytoplasm and mitochondria, have been associated thus far with autosomal recessive Charcot–Marie–Tooth type CMTRIB, hearing loss type DFNB89, and mitochondrial encephalohepatopathy (MEH) featuring neurodevelopmental disorders with microcephaly, white matter changes, and cardiac and hepatic failure in less than 30 patients. Case presentation: We report the clinical, biochemical and molecular findings of a 14-month-old girl with severe MEH compatible clinical features, profound sensorineural hearing loss, leopard spot retinopathy, pancytopenia, and advanced liver disease with portal hypertension leading to death at the age of 30 months. Conclusions: Whole exome sequencing identified two rare variants in KARS1 gene. Our report expands the allelic and clinical features of tRNA synthase disorders. Moreover, with our report we confirm the usefulness of WES as first tier diagnostic method in infants with complex multisystem phenotypes. © 2021, The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMC Med. Genomics
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • ARSs
  • Case report
  • Encephalohepatopathy
  • KARS
  • Leopard-like retinopathy
  • Mitochondrial diseases

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