Leptin rapidly activates PPARs in C2C12 muscle cells

Paola Bendinelli, Roberta Piccoletti, Paola Maroni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Experimental evidence suggests that leptin operates on the tissues, including skeletal muscle, also by modulating gene expression. Using electrophoretic mobility shift assays, we have shown that physiological doses of leptin promptly increase the binding of C2C12 cell nuclear extracts to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) response elements in oligonucleotide probes and that all three PPAR isoforms participate in DNA-binding complexes. We pre-treated C2C12 cells with AACOCF3, a specific inhibitor of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), an enzyme that supplies ligands to PPARs, and found that it abrogates leptin-induced PPAR DNA-binding activity. Leptin treatment significantly increased cPLA2 activity, evaluated as the release of [ 3H]arachidonic acid from pre-labelled C2C12 cells, as well as phosphorylation. Further, using MEK1 inhibitor PD-98059 we showed that leptin activates cPLA2 through ERK induction. These results support a direct effect of leptin on skeletal muscle cells, and suggest that the hormone may modulate muscle transcription also by precocious activation of PPARs through ERK-cPLA2 pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)719-725
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 8 2005


  • C2C12 cells
  • Cytosolic phospholipase A
  • ERKs
  • Leptin
  • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology


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