Lesion index: a novel guide in the path of successful pulmonary vein isolation

Antonio Dello Russo, Gaetano M. Fassini, Michela Casella, Elena Romanelli, Salvatore Pala, Stefania Riva, Valentina Catto, Massimo Moltrasio, Fabrizio Tundo, Martina Zucchetti, Benedetta Majocchi, Maria Antonietta Dessanai, Francesca Pizzamiglio, Giulia Vettor, Valentina Ribatti, Alessio Gasperetti, Selene Cellucci, Gabriele Negro, Rita Sicuso, Corrado CarbucicchioClaudio Tondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Previous studies indicate force time integral (FTI) as a radiofrequency (RF) lesion quality marker, while not considering power supply. Tacticath™ Quartz catheter provides Lesion index (LSI), a lesion quality marker derived by contact force (CF), power supply, and RF time combined. Our aim is to assess LSI and FTI correlation and a LSI-related cutoff of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrences 12 months after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 37 patients who underwent RF ablation using Tacticath™ Quartz catheter. AF recurrence rate was evaluated 3, 6, and 12 months after PVI procedure. Results: AF recurrence was detected in 32% of patients. FTI mean value was significantly lower in left superior pulmonary vein (LSPV: 256 ± 86 gs vs 329 ± 117 gs, p = 0.05) and right inferior pulmonary vein (RIPV: 253 ± 128 gs vs 394 ± 123 gs p = 0.006) in patients with AF recurrences; no significant differences were found in right superior pulmonary vein (RSPV) and left inferior pulmonary vein (LIPV). LSI instead was significantly higher for all veins in patients without AF recurrences: LSPV (5.2 ± 0.7 vs 4.6 ± 0.8, p = 0.03), LIPV (5.0 ± 0.8 vs 4.5 ± 0.6, p = 0.04), RSPV (5.5 ± 0.6 vs 5.1 ± 0.6, p = 0.05), and RIPV (5.5 ± 0.7 vs 4.7 ± 0.8, p = 0.006). Receiver operator characteristic curve suggests 5.3 as LSI overall cutoff value predicting freedom from disease at 1-year follow-up. Conclusions: Our preliminary data suggest that a LSI mean value higher than 5.3 can be considered a good predictor of AF freedom at 1-year follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018


  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Catheter ablation
  • Contact force
  • Force time integral
  • Lesion index
  • Predictive lesion index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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