OBJECTIVE: To measure the levels of two adhesion molecules (AM), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) and soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin), in serum and synovial fluid (SF) of patients with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA). METHODS: Both soluble AM levels were tested, in serum and synovial fluid (SF) samples, with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. RESULTS: Serum levels of sICAM-1 and sE-selectin in JCA patients were not significantly different from those of a control group. Synovial fluid levels of sICAM-1, but not of sE-selectin, assayed significantly higher (p <0.05) in JCA patients than in controls. Moreover SF levels of both molecules correlated negatively with disease duration, being higher in the earliest phases. No significant correlations were found between JCA sICAM-1 and sE-selectin levels and leukocyte count or ESR. CONCLUSIONS: These observations may signify a more important role of ICAM-1 than E-selectin in the migration of inflammatory cells into JCA SF. The negative correlation of both AMSF levels in JCA patients with disease duration could reflect a higher expression of ICAM-1 and E-selectin during the earliest phases of the disease.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Acta Universitatis Carolinae Medica|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
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