The biological and clinical significances of pre-S antigens and HBV replication were investigated. Some 125 sera, 28 from HBeAg and 97 from anti-HBe-positive HBsAg, carriers were studied. The aim was to verify whether pre-S antigens could be expressed in serum in complete absence of viremia. Pre-S proteins, determined by an enzyme immunoassay, were found in sera regardless of the presence of HBV DNA, as detected by spot-hybridization. The sera without detectable HBV DNA were investigated further by PCR using specific primers for the S and C regions of HBV. PCR analysis of samples revealed that 4 out of 5 HBeAg and 33 out of 41 (80.5%) anti-HBe positive sera contained HBV-amplified sequences of S and C regions. Pre-S antigen values correlated well with the amounts of HBV DNA in serum detected by PCR in anti-HBe-positive subjects with high titers of pre-S antigens (104-106). In addition, PCR highlighted the presence of HBV DNA sequences in 8 out of 17 (47.1%) pre-S-negative HBsAg-positive sera.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Medical Virology|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
- Chronic carriers
- HBV viremia
ASJC Scopus subject areas