Lichen striatus (LS) is an uncommon dermatosis that generally affects children. The histopathology of LS often shows a polymorphic epidermal reaction process of variable lichenoid and spongiotic changes having no specific histopathological criteria or simulating- other diseases. In the present study, we have evaluated the histopathological features of 41 biopsy specimens and the immunohistochemical aspects of 10 cases of LS. In 50% of the cases, we found histopathological and immunopathological features constantly present and allowing a correct diagnosis. In 9 cases, the histopathology was not specific, and in 10 cases, a clear differentiation from other diseases was not possible. Immunohistochemical study demonstrated a CD3+ T-lymphocytic infiltration in which CD8+ cells surrounded necrotic keratinocytes and intraepidermal vesicles filled with Langerhans cells. These findings seem to corroborate the hypothesis that a somatic mutation of a keratinocytic clone could induce an autoimmune response of the host.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Cutaneous Pathology|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine