Ligament balancing techniques in total knee arthroplasty (TKA)

S. Battaglia, S. Affatato

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Ligament balancing is considered a prerequisite for survival in total knee arthroplasty. However, there is no consensus on how to measure ligament balance intra-operatively and the degree of stability obtained after different balancing techniques is not clarified. An accurate management of ligament balance is an essential surgical factor, having repercussions on several aspects, thus minimizing the need for revision surgery. A balanced knee entails a rectangular tibio-femoral gap, that means a symmetrical medio-lateral balance at full extension and 90° of flexion, and a balanced flexion-extension gap without medio-lateral laxity or tightness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSurgical Techniques in Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) and Alternative Procedures
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages135-150
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9781782420385, 9781782420309
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 17 2014

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Keywords

  • Flexion-extension gap
  • Ligament balancing
  • Soft tissue
  • Surgical technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Battaglia, S., & Affatato, S. (2014). Ligament balancing techniques in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In Surgical Techniques in Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) and Alternative Procedures (pp. 135-150). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1533/9781782420385.2.135