The second daughter of two healthy non-consanguineous parents, born at 37 weeks, presented with a large 3×2 cm abdominal angiomatous formation on her left flank, associated with left leg hypertrophy, macrodactyly of both feet with syndactyly of the second and third finger of the right food and left polydactyly (figure 1). Her neurological development and cardiopulmonary function were normal; she had no gastrointestinal or skeletal problems. Her weight was 3195 g (75th-90th centile). edpract;archdischild-2017-314021v2/F1F1F1Figure 1Photos of the lower limbs and the left side of the abdomen reveal bilateral hypertrophy of the limbs, more evident in the left leg, macrodactyly of both feet with syndactyly of the second and third finger of the right foot and left polydactyly and a large abdominal angiomatous formation. QUESTIONS 1: What investigations would you think of in a baby with limb hypertrophy and a vascular malformation? Limb X-rays followed by abdominal and limb CT scanLimb muscles and soft tissues MRIKidney and limb ultrasound followed by abdominal and limb CT scanThigh, leg and abdominal MRI and in second instance brain MRIThigh, leg and abdominal CT scan and brain MRI. QUESTIONS 2: Which overgrowth syndrome includes limb hypertrophy, skin vascular malformations and bilateral hydroureteronephrosis?Neurofibromatosis type ISotos syndromeBeckwith-Wiedemann syndromeMadelung's diseasePIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS) disorder. Answers to the questions are on page 02 Answers to the questions on page 1.
|Journal||Archives of Disease in Childhood: Education and Practice Edition|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - Feb 28 2018|