Limb revascularization feasibility in diabetic patients with critical limb ischemia: Results from a cohort of 344 consecutive unselected diabetic patients evaluated in 2009

Ezio Faglia, Giacomo Clerici, Sergio Losa, Davide Tavano, Maurizio Caminiti, Marco Miramonti, Francesco Somalvico, Flavio Airoldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the feasibility of peripheral revascularization by angioplasty (PTA) or bypass grafting (BPG) in diabetic patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Methods: All diabetic patients referred to our Diabetic Foot Centre for foot lesion or rest pain were assessed for the presence of CLI as assessed by the TASC criteria. All patients underwent angiography that was evaluated jointly by an interventional radiologist, a vascular surgeon and a diabetologist of the diabetic foot care team. Results: During 2009, 344 diabetics were admitted because of CLI in a total of 360 limbs. PTA was performed in 308 (85.6%) limbs, and BPG was performed in 40 (11.1%) limbs in which PTA was not feasible. Revascularization could not be carried out in 12 (3.3%) limbs due to the lack of target vessel (9 limbs) or high surgical risk (3 limbs).According to the judgement of the vascular surgeon, BPG was anatomically feasible in 180 (58.4%) of the 308 limbs that underwent PTA. Therefore, considering also the 40 limbs that underwent BPG, surgical revascularization was judged anatomically possible in a total of 220 (61.1%) limbs. At 30 days, 19 (5.3%) above-the-ankle amputations were performed: 8 (66.7%) amputations were performed in the 12 non-revascularized limbs, 8 (2.6%) amputations were performed in the 308 limbs treated with PTA and 3 (7.5%) amputations were performed in the 40 limbs treated with BPG. Conclusions: Revascularization by PTA is highly feasible in diabetics with CLI. The feasibility of revascularization by BPG is lower but nonetheless consistent. In centres where both revascularization procedures are available, it is possible to revascularize more than 96% of diabetics with CLI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-371
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume95
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Critical limb ischemia
  • Diabetic foot
  • Diabetic Foot Centre
  • Peripheral angioplasty
  • Peripheral btpass graft
  • Peripheral ravascularization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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