Limited effectiveness of a school-based HIV prevention campaign in Italy: A randomized controlled trial

Piero Borgia, Teresa Spadea, Carlo A. Perucci, Valeria De Pascali, Valeria Fano, Patrizia Schifano, Damiano D C Abeni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: to evaluate the effectiveness of a large-scale, school- based, teacher-delivered campaign for the prevention of HIV infection. Methods: 46 junior and senior high schools in the Lazio Region of Italy were randomized to either an intervention or a control group. The corresponding study population consisted of 645 teachers and 3,866 students. The intervention followed the methods used in a large-scale, teacher-delivered campaign already implemented in the schools of the region. Questionnaires eliciting AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and risk perceptions were administered to teachers and students in both study groups before and after the intervention. The increments in scores were analysed by a mixed model analysis of variance. Results: the average increment in the teachers' knowledge score was 4.18 points higher in the intervention group than in the control group (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-417
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Volume7
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1997

Keywords

  • Education
  • HIV/AIDS prevention
  • Programme evaluation
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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