LIN28B induces neuroblastoma and enhances MYCN levels via let-7 suppression

Jan J. Molenaar, Raquel Domingo-Fernández, Marli E. Ebus, Sven Lindner, Jan Koster, Ksenija Drabek, Pieter Mestdagh, Peter Van Sluis, Linda J. Valentijn, Johan Van Nes, Marloes Broekmans, Franciska Haneveld, Richard Volckmann, Isabella Bray, Lukas Heukamp, Annika Sprüssel, Theresa Thor, Kristina Kieckbusch, Ludger Klein-Hitpass, Matthias FischerJo Vandesompele, Alexander Schramm, Max M. Van Noesel, Luigi Varesio, Frank Speleman, Angelika Eggert, Raymond L. Stallings, Huib N. Caron, Rogier Versteeg, Johannes H. Schulte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

LIN28B regulates developmental processes by modulating microRNAs (miRNAs) of the let-7 family. A role for LIN28B in cancer has been proposed but has not been established in vivo. Here, we report that LIN28B showed genomic aberrations and extensive overexpression in high-risk neuroblastoma compared to several other tumor entities and normal tissues. High LIN28B expression was an independent risk factor for adverse outcome in neuroblastoma. LIN28B signaled through repression of the let-7 miRNAs and consequently resulted in elevated MYCN protein expression in neuroblastoma cells. LIN28B-let-7-MYCN signaling blocked differentiation of normal neuroblasts and neuroblastoma cells. These findings were fully recapitulated in a mouse model in which LIN28B expression in the sympathetic adrenergic lineage induced development of neuroblastomas marked by low let-7 miRNA levels and high MYCN protein expression. Interference with this pathway might offer therapeutic perspectives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1199-1206
Number of pages8
JournalNature Genetics
Volume44
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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