We analyzed heart rate variability (HRV) in 2 groups of patients after acute myocardial infarction with normal and reduced ejection fraction (EF) by considering both the power of the 2 major harmonic components at low and high frequency and 2 indexes of nonlinear dynamics, namely the 1/f slope and the correlation dimension D2. HRV of patients with a reduced EF was characterized by a diminished RR variance as well as a different distribution of the residual power in all frequency ranges, with lower values of the low- frequency component expressed in both absolute and normalized units, and of the low- to high-frequency ratio. In these patients we also observed a steeper slope of the negative regression line between power and frequency in the very low frequency range. The presence of a smaller fractal dimension was suggested by a lower D2. Thus, in patients after acute myocardial infarction with a reduced EF, the reduction in HRV is associated with a different distribution of the residual power in the entire frequency range, which suggests a diminished responsiveness of sinus node to neural modulatory inputs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine