We investigated linkage disequilibrium between Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) and four tightly linked multi-allele markers in 140 families from France and Italy. These markers include three microsatellites (D9S111, D9S15 and D9S110) and one RFLP (D9S5). Their chromosomal order, D9S111-D9S15-D9S110-D9S5, had previously been established by physical mapping. Linkage disequilibrium was evaluated between each marker and FRDA and between markers. Extended haplotypes were obtained and their frequencies on FRDA and normal chromosomes were evaluated. We obtained evidence of strong allelic association of FRDA with D9S5 only. Analysis of linkage disequilibrium between markers revealed a significant decrease between D9S110 and D9S5, suggesting the presence of a recombination hot spot in the interval between these markers. Probably for this reason, no major FRDA-associated extended haplotype could be identified. Our data suggest the presence of a few common disease-causing mutations in the examined population, and indicate a putative localization for the FRDA gene. Transcribed sequences have been found in this candidate region.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||European Journal of Human Genetics|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
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