Lipid profile improvement in virologically suppressed hiv-1-infected patients switched to dolutegravir/ abacavir/lamivudine: Data from the SCOLTA project

C.I.S.A.I. Study Group, Paola Bagella, Nicola Squillace, Elena Ricci, Roberto Gulminetti, Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Lucia Taramasso, Giovanni Pellicanò, Barbara Menzaghi, Benedetto Maurizio Celesia, Chiara Dentone, Giancarlo Orofino, Paolo Bonfanti, Giordano Madeddu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Metabolic disorders are common amongst HIV-infected patients. Data from real-life setting on the impact of DTG/ABC/3TC in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients are scarce. Methods: We investigated the modification of metabolic profile including fasting glucose, lipid profile and markers of insulin resistance (IR) in experienced patients switching from a boosted protease inhibitors (bPI) or a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based regimen to DTG/ABC/3TC in a prospective, observational, multicenter study. Results: We enrolled 131 HIV-infected patients, of whom 91 (69.5%) males, mean age was 50.5±10.6 years. CDC stage was A in 66 (50.4%) patients, of whom 91 (69.5%) had acquired HIV through sexual contacts. The previous regimen was bPI-based in 79 patients (60.3%) and NNRTI-based in 52 (39.7%). Patients switching from NNRTI showed a significant reduction at week 24 in total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL). Triglycerides/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL) ratio, HDL, median TG and TG/HDL ratio did not show significant modification during follow-up times. Among patients switching from a bPI, we observed a significant reduction in TC and LDL at both follow-up times and a slight increase in HDL. Triglycerides/HDL ratio, median TG and TG/HDL ratio showed a decrease over time that became significant at weeks 24 and 48. Blood glucose levels did not significantly vary during the observation period in patients switching from both bPI and NNRTI-based regimens. Conclusion: Our data suggest an improvement in lipid profile and TG/HDL ratio in pretreated HIV-1-infected patients who switched to DTG/ABC/3TC over 48 weeks, especially in those previously receiving a bPI-based regimen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1385-1391
Number of pages7
JournalInfection and Drug Resistance
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Dolutegravir/abacavir/lamivudine
  • HIV-1 infection
  • Lipid profile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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