Recent studies have demonstrated that the incidence of cardiovascular events occurring with renal transplantation is higher than that in the general population. Renal transplantation modifies the characteristic dyslipidemia of chronic renal failure. In this study the change in lipoprotein and lipid values of 103 transplant recipients after transplantation was investigated. The aim of our work was to examine the short-term and long-term variations in lipid metabolism. The major lipoprotein fractions (VLDL, LDL, HDL) were separated by preparative ultracentrifugation, and TG and cholesterol concentrations were determined in plasma and lipoprotein fractions. Whole plasma apolipoproteins were determined by a rate immunonephelometric technique. In the pretransplant period the patients displayed the typical picture of uremics. After transplantation the most evident alterations in the lipoprotein profile occurred in our case series after 3 mon. The major finding was a 35% reduction in plasma TG. The modifications in the TG-rich lipoproteins of our transplant recipients persisted throughout the observation period. In the initial 3-mon period, total cholesterol remained steady, whereas LDL-cholesterol and total apolipoprotein B showed a significant increase. No significant changes were found in total and transported TG and cholesterol between the 3-mon and the 6-yr values. The substantial stability of cholesterol levels after transplantation and in subsequent reports, as well as a higher incidence of cardiovascular complications, may suggest that the mechanisms responsible for vessel damage must be sought mainly in the structural and physicochemical alterations of the individual lipoprotein fractions or in other risk factors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Food Science