We studied the in vitro interaction and the endocytic process of peroxidase-loaded liposomes with isolated rat hepatocytes maintained in suspension culture. We report morphological (both at light and electron microscopy) and biochemical evidence that cationic egg PC (egg phosphatidylcholine)-liposomes are taken up by isolated rat hepatocytes via an endocytic pathway. The incubation of 2.5 mM liposomal lipids for at least 4 hours was not cytotoxic to the cells. The uptake of peroxidase-fluoresceine isothiocyanate conjugate-liposomes was not distributed homogeneously among the hepatocyte population. However the hepatocytes which have apparently internalized greater amount of probe were not damaged since cell shape and integrity of the membrane are retained as evaluated by conventional light microscopy. Therefore the fusion between liposomes and hepatocytes seems to be dependent on the viability of the isolated hepatocytes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science