Liquid chromatographic determination of oxcarbazepine and its metabolites in plasma of epileptic patients after solid-phase extraction

R. Mandrioli, N. Ghedini, F. Albani, E. Kenndler, M. A. Raggi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A method based on high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detection in combination with solid-phase extraction for sample pretreatment has been developed for the simultaneous analysis of the antiepileptic drug oxcarbazepine and its main metabolites in human plasma. The extraction of the analytes from plasma samples was carried out by means of a selective solid-phase extraction procedure using hydrophilic-lipophilic balance cartridges. The separation was obtained on a reversed-phase column (C18, 150×4.6 mm I.D., 5 μm) using a phosphate buffer-acetonitrile-methanol-triethylamine mixture (final apparent pH* 3.5) as the mobile phase. Under these chromatographic conditions, oxcarbazepine and its metabolites 10,11-dihydro-10-hydroxycarbamazepine, 10,11-dihydro-10,11-dihydroxycarbamazepine and the internal standard are baseline separated in less than 9 min. The extraction yield values were >94% for all analytes and the precision, expressed by the RSD%, was in the low percentage range. For the entire method, including sample pre-treatment and HPLC determination, the linearity of the calibration lines, expressed by the linear correlation coefficient, was better than 0.995; the limit of quantitation was 15 ng ml-1. The method was applied to plasma samples from patients undergoing chronic treatment with oxcarbazepine, both in monotherapy and in polytherapy. Based on the analytical parameters precision, accuracy, limit of quantitation and analysis time the method is suitable for routine application in therapeutic drug monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-263
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume783
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 5 2003

Keywords

  • Oxcarbazepine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Liquid chromatographic determination of oxcarbazepine and its metabolites in plasma of epileptic patients after solid-phase extraction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this