A case of Listeria monocytogenes bacteraemia and meningitis with intracerebral abscesses in a girl with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in relapse is reported. The clinical features included subacute onset with fever and marked irritability followed by seizures, meningism and confusion. The pathogen was isolated from blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Computerised tomography of the brain showed two intracerebral parenchymal localisations, in the left frontal lobe and in the right occipital lobe, respectively. The patient survived this severe infection without neurological sequelae. 2 months later she underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation without major complications. This case report should alert pediatric oncologists about the possible occurrence of severe intracerebral listerial infections in the immunocompromised child and suggests that this infection can be treated successfully and should not necessarily preclude continuation of antineoplastic treatments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research