Liver autofluorescence properties in animal model under altered nutritional conditions

Anna Cleta Croce, Uliana De Simone, Mariapia Vairetti, Andrea Ferrigno, Eleonora Boncompagni, Isabel Freitas, Giovanni Bottiroli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Autofluorescence spectroscopy is a promising and powerful approach for an in vivo, real time characterization of liver functional properties. In this work, preliminary results on the dependence of liver autofluorescence parameters on the nutritional status are reported, with particular attention to vitamin A and lipid accumulation in liver tissue. Normally fed and 24 h starving rats were used as animal models. Histochemical and autofluorescence analysis showed that lipids and vitamin A colocalize in the liver parenchyma. Fasting condition results in a parallel increase in both lipids and vitamin A. Autofluorescence imaging and microspectrofluorometric analysis carried out on unfixed, unstained tissue sections under 366 nm excitation, evidenced differences in both spectral shape and response to continuous irradiation between liver biopsies from fed and starving rats. As to photobleaching, in particular, fitting analysis evidenced a reduction of about 85% of the signal attributable solely to vitamin A during the first 10 s of irradiation. The tissue whole emission measured in fed and starving rat livers exhibited reductions of about 35% and 52%, respectively, that are closely related to vitamin A contents. The findings open interesting perspectives for the set up of an in situ, real time diagnostic procedure for the assessment of liver lipid accumulation, exploiting the photophysical properties of vitamin A.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1046-1053
Number of pages8
JournalPhotochemical and Photobiological Sciences
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics


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