Liver Damage During Ischemia/Reperfusion and Glutathione: Implications for Potential Organ Donors

M. Vairetti, A. Ferrigno, V. Rizzo, P. Richelmi, U. Cillo, R. Imberti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Free radicals play a central role in the development of liver ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Reduced glutathione (GSH) is the main hepatic free radical scavenger. Brain-dead patients exhibit abnormalities of endocrine status. Many clinicians administer thyroid hormones to improve the transplantation outcomes. We previously reported that thyroxine (T4) pretreatment decreased rat liver tissue GSH, which was associated with increased liver I/R-induced damage. In this study, we investigated whether the reduction in GSH by T4 pretreatment affected cell viability during anoxia or oxidative stress in suspensions of isolated hepatocytes. Furthermore, we evaluated the levels of GSH in isolated livers from hypothyroid rats preserved at 0-1°C and reperfused. Thyroid hormone modulation was obtained by T4 or 6-propylthiouracil (PTU) treatment. Isolated hepatocytes from T4-pretreated rats that underwent anoxia and oxidative stress, which was induced by tert-butylhydroperoxide, displayed progressive, time-dependent loss of cell viability, which was greater than that in hepatocytes in non-T4-pretreated rats. A significant decrease in GSH levels was observed in isolated hepatocytes obtained from hyperthyroid rats compared with those from euthyroid rats. In contrast, administration of the antithyroid drug PTU increased liver concentrations of GSH at the end of reperfusion thereby improving liver function after cold storage. These results may yield new protective strategies in the management of brain-dead organ donors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1768-1770
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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