Liver in the analysis of body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

A. Bazzocchi, D. Diano, U. Albisinni, G. Marchesini, G. Battista, G. Guglielmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Conclusion: New ROIs could be designed, standardized and implemented in DXA whole-body scan to provide more specific and predictive values of hepatic lipid content.

Objective: To investigate the predictive value for hepatic steatosis of a new software for the quantification of visceral fat by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and to design new regions of interest (ROIs).

Methods: Adult volunteers were prospectively screened for hepatic steatosis by ultrasonography to obtain a wellbalanced population according to the presence/absence of the disease. 90 adult patients without steatosis and 90 with steatosis (mild, 53.3%; moderate, 37.7%; and severe, 10.0%) were recruited. On the same day, all subjects were submitted to blood testing and to anthropometric and whole-body DXA for body composition evaluation. A new software for android visceral fat assessment was employed, and six new "liver-suited" ROIs as well as two modified android ROIs were designed. Their association with steatosis grade was tested by correlation analysis.

Results: Fat mass (FM) of the new ROIs showed the highest correlation coefficients with steatosis grade (ρ=0.610-0.619; p

Advances in knowledge: This is the first study to investigate the predictive value for hepatic steatosis of visceral and regional FM assessed on the hepatic site by DXA in comparison with ultrasonography, anthropometry and surrogate markers derived by previously validated algorithms (fatty liver index).

Original languageEnglish
Article number20140232
JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
Issue number1041
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Medicine(all)


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