Liver regeneration after liver resection: Clinical aspects and correlation with infective complications

Duilio Pagano, Marco Spada, Vishal Parikh, Fabio Tuzzolino, Davide Cintorino, Luigi Maruzzelli, Giovanni Vizzini, Angelo Luca, Alessandra Mularoni, Paolo Grossi, Bruno Gridelli, Salvatore Gruttadauria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIM: To investigate whether early liver regeneration after resection in patients with hepatic tumors might be influenced by post-operative infective complications. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 27 liver resections for tumors performed in a single referral center from November 2004 to January 2010. Regeneration was evaluated by multidetector computed tomography at a mean follow-up of 43.85 d. The Clavien-Dindo classification was used to evaluate postoperative events in the first 6 mo after transplantation, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention definitions were used for healthcare associated infections data. Generalized linear regression models with Gaussian family distribution and log link function were used to reveal the principal promoters of early liver regeneration. RESULTS: Ten of the 27 patients (37%) underwent chemotherapy prior to surgery, with a statistically significant prevalence of patients with metastasis (P = 0.007). Eight patients (30%) underwent embolization, 3 with primary tumors, and 5 with secondary tumors. Twenty patients (74%) experienced complications, with 12 (60%) experiencing Clavien-Dindo Grade 3a to 5 complications. Regeneration ≥ 100% occurred in 10 (37%) patients. The predictors were smaller future remnant liver volume (-0.002; P <0.001), and a greater spleen volume/future remnant liver volume ratio (0.499; P = 0.01). Patients with a resection of ≥ 5 Couinaud segments experienced greater early regeneration (P = 0.04). Nine patients experienced surgical site infections, and in 7 cases Clavien-Dindo Grade 3a to 4 complications were detected (P = 0.016). There were no significant differences between patients with primary or secondary tumors, and either onset or infections or severity of surgical complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6953-6960
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume20
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Liver regeneration
  • Liver resection
  • Liver tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Medicine(all)

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