Liver Resection Without Pedicle Clamping: Feasibility and Need for "Salvage Clamping". Looking for the Right Clamping Policy. Analysis of 512 Consecutive Resections

Luca Viganò, Syed A A Jaffary, Alessandro Ferrero, Nadia Russolillo, Serena Langella, Lorenzo Capussotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Pedicle clamping during liver resection (LR) is debated. The purpose of this study is to validate non-clamping policy across a large series of LR and to evaluate the need for salvage clamping (SC) and its outcomes. Methods: Five hundred twelve consecutive LR without initial pedicle clamping performed between 2004 and 2009 were analyzed. Results: Among 512 LR (171 major hepatectomies), 90. 2% were completed without clampage. Fifty (9. 8%) required SC. Blood loss were higher in SC group (555 vs. 175 mL, p <0. 0001), while transfusion rate was not. No differences were observed in terms of mortality (0%/1. 3%), morbidity (38%/38. 3%), liver dysfunction (4%/3. 7%), and renal dysfunction (0%/1. 3%). Bile leak rate was increased in the SC group (20%/10. 2%, p = 0. 036). At multivariate analysis, three predictive factors of SC were identified: arterial hypertension (p = 0. 007, SC rate = 13%), cirrhosis (p = 0. 003, SC rate = 26%), and LR conducted along the right portal scissure (p = 0. 010, SC rate = 32%). One protective factor was identified: LR confined to antero-lateral segments (Sg2-6, p = 0. 001, SC rate = 2%). Extension of LR had no impact on need for SC. Conclusions: The majority of LR can be safely performed without clamping with excellent outcomes. SC is a safe procedure and does not worsen postoperative outcomes, except for bile leak rate. Clamping policy should be tailored to the type of LR and presence of cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1820-1828
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume15
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Blood transfusion
  • Cirrhosis
  • Liver dysfunction
  • Liver resection
  • Liver surgery
  • Pedicle clamping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

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