Liver Transplantation Using Donors Older Than 80 Years: A Single-Center Experience

I. Petridis, S. Gruttadauria, S. Nadalin, J. Viganò, F. di Francesco, G. Pietrosi, D. Fili', M. Montalbano, A. D'Antoni, R. Volpes, A. Arcadipane, G. Vizzini, B. Gridelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: The shortage of organs for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has forced transplantation centers to expand the donor pool by using donors traditionally labeled as "extended criteria donors." One such example is OLT using a donor with advanced age. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 10 patients who received a liver graft from cadaveric donors older than 80 years. We analyzed pretransplantation donor and recipient characteristics, as well as the evolution of the recipients. Results: All 10 donors were older than 80 years (median age, 83.5; range, 80-93). No steatosis (>30%) was accepted in the older donor group. Medium follow-up was 19.5 months. The most frequent cause for OLT was hepatitis C virus (HCV) cirrhosis (8/10 patients). We had 1 case of primary nonfunction, 1 patient died immediately after surgery because of extrahepatic complications (cardiac arrest), and 2 other patients had a severe HCV recurrence and died after 1 and 2 years from OLT, respectively. Five patients had HCV recurrence and biliary complications were present in 60% of the patients. No cases of acute or chronic rejection were described. Overall survival rates after 1 and 3 years were 80% and 40%, respectively. Conclusions: Old donor age is not an absolute contraindication to OLT. Liver grafts from donors older than 80 years can be used knowing that there is a high risk of postoperative complications. Furthermore, the increased risk of developing severe HCV recurrence, related to older donor age, suggests that such livers should be used in HCV-negative recipients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1976-1978
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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