Living kidney donation from people at risk of nephrolithiasis, with a focus on the genetic forms

Giovanni Gambaro, G. Zaza, F. Citterio, A. Naticchia, P. M. Ferraro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Deciding whether to accept a donor with nephrolithiasis is a multifaceted task because of the challenge of finding enough suitable donors while at the same time ensuring the safety of both donors and recipients. Until not long ago, donors with a history of renal stones or with stones emerging during screening on imaging were not considered ideal, but recent guidelines have adopted less stringent criteria for potential donors at risk of stones. This review goes through the problems that need to be approached to arrive at a wise clinical decision, balancing the safety of donors and recipients with the need to expand the organ pool. The risk of declining renal function and worsening stone formation is examined. Documents (consensus statements, guidelines, etc.) on this issue released by the most important medical societies and organizations are discussed and compared. Specific problems of living kidney donation associated with certain systemic (chronic hypercalcemia due to CYP24A1 gene mutations, primary hyperoxaluria, APRT deficiency) and renal (medullary sponge kidney, cystinuria, distal renal tubular acidosis, Dent’s disease, Bartter syndrome, familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis) Mendelian disorders that cause nephrolithiasis are also addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018


  • Guidelines
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Living donation
  • Mendelian disease
  • Renal stone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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