OBJECTIVE: Adhesion and migration of leukocytes into the periadventitial space play a role in the pathophysiology of vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 is a determinant cell adhesion molecule involved in this process, Ibuprofen has been shown to inhibit intercellular adhesion molecule-1 upregulation and prevent vasospasm in animal models of SAH. In this study, we report the toxicity and efficacy of locally delivered ibuprofen incorporated into controlled-release polymers to prevent vasospasm in a monkey model of SAH. METHODS: Ibuprofen was incorporated into ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVAc) polymers at 45% loading (wt:wt). For the toxicity study, cynomolgus monkeys (n = 5) underwent surgical implantation of either blank/EVAc polymers (n = 3) or 45% ibuprofen/EVAc polymers (n = 2) in the subarachnoid space, were followed up for 13 weeks, and were killed for histopathological analysis. For the efficacy study, cynomolgus monkeys (n = 14) underwent cerebral angiography 7 days before and 7 days after surgery and SAH and were randomized to receive either a 45% ibuprofen/EVAc polymer (n = 7; mean dose of ibuprofen, 6 mg/kg) or blank EVAc polymers (n = 7) in the subarachnoid space. Angiographic vasospasm was determined by digital image analysis. Student's t test was used for analysis. RESULTS: Animals implanted with ibuprofen polymers showed no signs of local or systemic toxicity. Animals treated with ibuprofen polymers had 91 ± 9% lumen patency of the middle cerebral artery, compared with 53 ± 11% of animals treated with blank/EVAc polymers (P <0.001). CONCLUSION: Ibuprofen polymers are safe and prevent angiographie vasospasm after SAH in the monkey model. These findings support the role of cell adhesion molecules and inflammation in the pathophysiology of vasospasm.
|Issue number||1 SUPPL.|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2005|
- Controlled release
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology