Background: The aim of this work is to evaluate pattern of care and clinical outcome in a large series of patients with in-breast recurrence (IBR), after quadrantectomy and intraoperative radiation therapy with electrons (IOERT) as partial breast irradiation. Patients and Methods: Patients with IBR after IOERT, treated with salvage surgery ± adjuvant reirradiation (re-RT), were selected from a multiinstitution database. Disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), cumulative incidence of second IBR, and distant metastases (DM) were estimated. Results: A total of 224/267 patients from seven institutions were included. Primary tumors received 21 Gy. Median time to first IBR was 4.3 years (range 2.6–6.1 years). Salvage mastectomy and repeat quadrantectomy were performed in 135 (60.3%) and 89 (39.7%) patients, followed by adjuvant re-RT in 21/135 (15.5%) and 63/89 (70.8%), respectively. Median follow-up after salvage treatment was 4.1 years. Overall, 5- and 8-year outcomes were as follows: cumulative incidence of second IBR: 8.4% and 14.8%; cumulative incidence of DM: 17.1% and 22.5%; DFS: 67.4% and 52.5%; OS: 89.3% and 74.7%. The risk of second IBR was similar in the salvage mastectomy and repeat quadrantectomy + RT groups [hazard ratio (HR) 1.41, p = 0.566], while salvage mastectomy patients had greater risk of DM (HR 3.15, p = 0.019), as well as poorer DFS (HR 2.13, p = 0.016) and a trend towards worse OS (HR 3.27, p = 0.059). Patients who underwent repeat quadrantectomy alone had worse outcomes (second IBR, HR 5.63, p = 0.006; DFS, HR 3.21, p = 0.003; OS, HR 4.38, p = 0.044) than those adding re-RT. Conclusions: Repeat quadrantectomy + RT represents an effective salvage approach and achieved local control comparable to that of salvage mastectomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas