Purpose: To explore Italian psychiatrists' attitudes toward the off-label use of second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) in patients with substance use disorder and psychotic symptoms. Design and Methods: A sample of 300 Italian psychiatrists associated with the Italian Society of Neuropsychopharmacology was randomly selected to complete a survey about the off-label prescription of SGAs. Findings: Oral aripiprazole (32.7%), olanzapine (30.2%), and quetiapine (25.2%) were considered “appropriate.” Long-acting antipsychoticss were generally considered “inappropriate.”. Practice Implications: Our findings reflect a substantial level of uncertainty and a lack of coherent clinical guidance within the realm of dual diagnosis treatment. Therefore, they emphasize the need to develop specific guidelines to improve the management of pharmacotherapy among this population.
- psychotic symptoms
- second-generation antipsychotics
- substance abuse
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Phychiatric Mental Health