Long- and short-term plastic modeling of action prediction abilities in volleyball

Cosimo Urgesi, Maria Maddalena Savonitto, Franco Fabbro, Salvatore M. Aglioti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Athletes show superior abilities not only in executing complex actions, but also in anticipating others' moves. Here, we explored how visual and motor experiences contribute to forge elite action prediction abilities in volleyball players. Both adult athletes and supporters were more accurate than novices in predicting the fate of volleyball floating services by viewing the initial ball trajectory, while only athletes could base their predictions on body kinematics. Importantly, adolescents assigned to physical practice training improved their ability to predict the fate of the actions by reading body kinematics, while those assigned to the observational practice training improved only in understanding the ball trajectory. The results suggest that physical and observational practice might provide complementary and mutually reinforcing contributions to the superior perceptual abilities of elite athletes. Moreover, direct motor experience is required to establish novel perceptuo-motor representations that are used to predict others' actions ahead of realization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)542-560
Number of pages19
JournalPsychological Research
Volume76
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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