Long-lasting effects of neck muscle vibration and contraction on self-motion perception of vestibular origin

Vito Enrico Pettorossi, Roberto Panichi, Fabio Massimo Botti, Andrea Biscarini, Guido Maria Filippi, Marco Schieppati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To show that neck proprioceptive input can induce long-term effects on vestibular-dependent self-motion perception. Methods: Motion perception was assessed by measuring the subject's error in tracking in the dark the remembered position of a fixed target during whole-body yaw asymmetric rotation of a supporting platform, consisting in a fast rightward half-cycle and a slow leftward half-cycle returning the subject to the initial position. Neck muscles were relaxed or voluntarily contracted, and/or vibrated. Whole-body rotation was administered during or at various intervals after the vibration train. The tracking position error (TPE) at the end of the platform rotation was measured during and after the muscle conditioning maneuvers. Results: Neck input produced immediate and sustained changes in the vestibular perceptual response to whole-body rotation. Vibration of the left sterno-cleido-mastoideus (SCM) or right splenius capitis (SC) or isometric neck muscle effort to rotate the head to the right enhanced the TPE by decreasing the perception of the slow rotation. The reverse effect was observed by activating the contralateral muscle. The effects persisted after the end of SCM conditioning, and slowly vanished within several hours, as tested by late asymmetric rotations. The aftereffect increased in amplitude and persistence by extending the duration of the vibration train (from 1 to 10. min), augmenting the vibration frequency (from 5 to 100. Hz) or contracting the vibrated muscle. Symmetric yaw rotation elicited a negligible TPE, upon which neck muscle vibrations were ineffective. Conclusions: Neck proprioceptive input induces enduring changes in vestibular-dependent self-motion perception, conditional on the vestibular stimulus feature, and on the side and the characteristics of vibration and status of vibrated muscles. This shows that our perception of whole-body yaw-rotation is not only dependent on accurate vestibular information, but is modulated by proprioceptive information related to previously experienced position of head with respect to trunk. Significance: Tonic proprioceptive inflow, as might occur as a consequence of enduring or permanent head postures, can induce adaptive plastic changes in vestibular-dependent motion sensitiveness. These changes might be counteracted by vibration of selected neck muscles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1886-1900
Number of pages15
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015


  • Contraction
  • Long-lasting effects
  • Neck proprioception
  • Self-motion perception
  • Vestibular
  • Vibration
  • Whole-body yaw rotation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Sensory Systems
  • Medicine(all)


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