The long non-coding RNA H19 (lncH19) is broadly transcribed in the first stage of development and silenced in most cells of an adult organism; it appears again in several tumors where, through different molecular mediators, promotes cell proliferation, motility and metastases. LncH19 has been associated with hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) activation and, in some tumors, it has proved to be necessary and required to sustain hypoxic responses. Here we propose to investigate a putative role for the lncH19 in hypoxia induced multiple myeloma (MM) progression. Transcriptional analysis of MM cell lines (RPMI and MM1.S) exposed to normoxia or hypoxia (1% O₂) was done in order to evaluate lncH19 levels under hypoxic stimulation. Then, to investigate the role of lncH19 in hypoxia mediated MM progression, transcriptional, protein and functional assays have been performed on hypoxia stimulated MM cell lines, silenced or not for lncH19. Our data demonstrated that hypoxic stimulation in MM cell lines induced the overexpression of lncH19, which, in turn, is required for the expression of the hypoxia induced genes involved in MM dissemination, such as C-X-C Motif Chemokine Receptor 4 (CXCR4) and Snail. Moreover, adhesion assays demonstrated that lncH19 silencing abrogates the increased adhesion on stromal cells induced by the hypoxic condition. Finally, Western blot analysis indicated that lncH19 silencing impaired HIF1α nuclear translocation. The LncH19, required for the induction of hypoxic responses in MM cells, could represent a new therapeutic target for MM.
- long non-coding RNA H19 (lncH19)
- multiple myeloma